In recent years, with the development of artificial intelligence technology and the continuous expansion of application fields, my country’s intelligent medical robot industry has also developed rapidly. According to the statistics of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), the market size of my country’s intelligent medical robots reached 34% in 2018. It is estimated that by 2025, the scale of my country’s intelligent medical robot market will exceed 10 billion yuan.
With the continuous progress of modern science and technology, the aging of society, the high-tech of modern warfare and the development of medical technology, robotics technology will be more widely studied in the medical field, the future development potential is huge, and the market space will continue to grow. With the development of artificial intelligence and the continuous breakthrough of robot manufacturing technology, medical technology is also developing towards intelligence, safety and refinement.
After more than ten years of technological updates and iterations, domestic surgical robots are also accumulating. In 2018, Shanghai Jiao Tong University developed an RCM mechanism applied to a single-port endoscopic surgical robot, which can achieve dexterous operation in a restricted space, ensure the safety of minimally invasive surgery, and ensure minimal surgical trauma. In 2018, Nankai University used artificial neural network technology to build an imaging recognition system based on information such as force touch, sound vibration, etc. for orthopedic surgical robots. It can realize automatic identification of different human tissues such as bones and muscles, and provide intelligent real-time feedback guarantee for monitoring the safe operation of robots.
The “Miaoshou S” minimally invasive surgical robot was officially developed in 2013. As a domestic orthopaedic surgical robot, Dimensity is the only one in the world that can perform operations on limbs, pelvic fractures, and full spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral) operations orthopedic robotic system. Laparoscopic surgical robots such as the minimally invasive abdominal surgery robot system of Harbin Institute of Technology have entered the clinical trial stage. The neurosurgery navigation and positioning system of Bohui Weikang, the lower limb exoskeleton robot of Beijing Daai robot, and the lower limb walking exoskeleton of Buffalo robot were launched in 2018. It has successively passed the medical device review of the State Food and Drug Administration (CFDA). At this point, the field of surgical robots has begun to blossom.
As a powerful catalyst, artificial intelligence will improve the level of domestic surgical robots and ensure the accuracy and safety of surgery. It has become one of the directions of the development of surgical robots. Technological advancements in the field of computer vision will also improve image quality during surgery, thereby making mechanical operations more flexible and precise, and improving the success rate of minimally invasive surgery. In the future, we will see more applications of intelligent surgical robots in the medical industry. By then, a complete front-end diagnosis, imaging, intraoperative, postoperative and entire service system will be constructed.